In addition, the outer skin of the wool fiber acts as a protective film, giving wool cloth improved resistance to abrasion. Today, per the title, we will take a look at these two popular types of wool, Merino and Cashmere . Silk is also more heat resistant than many other fabrics, including wool, for example, and is actually rather difficult to burn. The kind of sheep from which the wool is obtained, its physical condition, the part of the sheep from which the wool is obtained, and the finishing processes are some of the factors, which affect the properties of wool … FIBER ABSORBENCY Wool is a hygroscopic fiber; it takes up moisture in vapor form. From Gyldendals open Encyclopedia. Short notes on mulberry and non mulberry silk varieties ; List of some of the most important model questions on clothing and textiles ; 7 self-tested ways for properly washing silk fabrics ; Short notes on the structure of the pupa of silk moth ; Notes on the structure and characteristics of wool Types of Wool. Wool is more expensive than some of the other fabrics used in upholstery but it has a huge variety to choose from. In case of acid, wool is safe in acid. Chenille. The natural elasticity of wool also makes woolen fabrics resistant to tearing. We have yet to look at Silk, but Merino was recently featured in one of our comparisons and Cashmere is part of this one. Wool blends are resistant to pilling, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Wool has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties The thin waxy coating of wool fibre contains fatty acids that inhibit the growth of mold, mildew and bacteria. Wool can be blended with other synthetic fiber as well. Wool naturally absorbs the suns UV rays before it can make contact with your skin; by wearing wool you will be protected against the sun harmful rays. Fleece from different breeds of sheep (and there are many hundreds) can be very different. Over thousands of years (just like dog breeds) humans and the environment have selected animals and fleece for different needs. Effect of chemical: In case of water, moisture regain of wool is 19% and when wet strength reduces about 20%. Wool quality complies mostly on wool fiber thickness. Silk: Properties and Uses of Silk! #2. Major varieties of wool come from Merino, Lincoln, Leicester, Sussex, Cheviot, and other breeds of sheep. Merino wool is famous worldwide for its next-to-skin softness, strength, innate versatility and technical benefits. Here writes "The great Danish" more information about the wool composition and characteristics. to about 3,000 times for cotton and 2,000 times for silk. Silk is a fine continuous monofilament fiber of high luster and strength and is highly valued as a prestige fiber. Silk is the result of secretion of silk glands. The fibers are very fine and delicate, feeling almost like a silk fabric to the touch. Silk, Cashmere and Merino are only some of those that would make the list. Pros: Wool blends are comfortable. There are many breeds of sheep and therefore many wool qualities. Cashmere is significantly warmer and lighter than sheep’s wool. Color varies depending n the types of wool. Characteristics of Wool Fabrics: There are many factors, which affect the quality of wool fabric. The thinnest under fur is the finest, but also the shortest. Blends of wool are more durable and easier to clean. Silk is a natural protein fiber excreted by the moth larva Bombyx mori, better known as the common silkworm. Long wool is rough. They are a pair of long tubular and coiled glands lying one on each side of the alimentary canal of the Caterpillar. Merino wool's versatility extends from luxury fashion to high-performance activewear, accessories, homewares and everything in between. Treatment of wool in 5% NaOH solution dissolves the fibre. Often cashmere is made into a wool blend and mixed with other types of wool, like merino, to give it added weight, since cashmere fibers are very fine and thin. 8. Fibroin, a sort of fibrous protein is secreted by each gland which at first is in the fluid condition. In case of alkali, alkali degrades the wool fiber, changes color and reduces strength. Silk.
2020 list some important characteristics of wool and silk